Albert Einstein was born March 14, 1879 in Wurteemberg, Germany. He went on to become one of the most widely regard scientists of the last century. During his career he became the author of both the general theory of relativity as well as the special theory of relativity. He also made contribution to statistical mechanics, quantum mechanics as well as cosmology. In 1921 he was award the Nobel Prize for Physics. His explanation of the photoelectric effect help him to win the prize as well as for his contributions to theoretical physics.
Einstein’s father work as a salesman and later as the manager of electrochemical works. Although the family was Jewish, Einstein attend a Catholic elementary school as a child. During this time his was actually consider to be a slow learner. It is now widely believed that this was greatly due to his dyslexia and the fact that he was quite shy. After his death researchers also speculated that he may have also had a mild form of autism although it is impossible to determine this for certain.
He was introduc to science at the age of ten by a medical student and would later have his interest in science and other intellectual pursuits foster by his uncles. Both recommend and provide young Einstein with books on science as well as philosophy and mathematics.
Although he attends a progressive gymnasium, or school, he also taught himself several subjects including plane geometry and calculus. During his time at the gymnasium he frequently had problems with authority figures and held a deep resentment of the typical school regimen.
When his father’s business fail in 1894 the family moved to Italy, near Milan. Albert remain in Munich to finish school; however he left in 1895 to join his family. Because he quit before finishing, he did not obtain his secondary school certificate, or diploma.
The next year he took the entrance exam at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and did well on the math and science portion but fail the liberal arts section. His family then sent him to finish secondary school. He finally receiv the diploma in 1896. He subsequently enrolls in college and moved to Zurich. During this time he renounced his citizenship to Wurtemberg. He was granted a teaching diploma. In 1900 wrote his first publish paper. Two years later he had a daughter with an older woman whom he had begun a romance with.
Einstein’s parents objected to the romance due to the woman’s age and the fact that she was older than he, thus the two did not marry. Although he had gained his teaching diploma he had difficulty in finding a teaching job. He obtained employment as an assistant examiner at the Swiss Patent Office in 1902. The following year he finally married his sweetheart, despite his parent’s objections. While continuing to work at the Swiss Patent Office, he worked on obtaining his doctorate and succeeded in 1905. He continued writing articles and papers. One of these would later earn him the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1906 he was promot to a full technical examiner and became licensed as a university teacher two years later. By 1911 he became a first associate professor at the University of Zurich. Later he went on to become a full professor at the University of Prague. In 1914 he and his family settled in Berlin, where he took Prussian citizenship.
Einstein and his wife had two sons; however in 1919 he divorc her and marri his cousin a few months later.
Throughout this time most of Einstein’s political views had been a great source of irritation to German nationalists. After Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933 he quickly pass a law which would force out all Jewish university professors. Einstein then renounced his citizenship and obtain permanent residency status in the U.S. Here, he obtained a position at the Institute for Advance Study in New Jersey and eventually became a U.S. citizen in 1940. In 1952 he received an offer from the Israeli government to become the second president.
He declin the proposition and released his revised unified field theory a few months later. He died at Princeton hospital on April 18, 1955 from internal bleeding resulting from the rupture of an aortic aneurism. An autopsy was perform on his brain following his death and although there was nothing unusual immediately discover in 1999 further study indicat that part of Einstein’s parietal operculum region was missing. As a result, the parietal lobe was somewhat larger than normal. This is the area which handled mathematical though as well as imagery of movement and visuospatial cognition.